What is a Coaxial Cable? Here's What You Should Know

Are you curious about coaxial cable? You've come to the right place! Coaxial cables are widely used in homes and businesses for their durability, high transmission speeds, and ease of use.


In this blog post, we will be discussing what a coaxial cable is and its advantages over other types of wiring. We'll go over common applications as well as installation methods so that you can make an educated decision on what type of cable to use for your project. Take some time to learn more about how a coaxial cable works before diving into it; then you'll be ready to decide if it's the right fit for you!

How Do Coaxial Cables Work?

Coaxial cables are incredibly versatile and are used in a variety of modern communication applications. Various types of cable are capable of carrying significant amounts of data at high speeds, making them ideal for use with internet connections, satellite televisions, and radio transmissions.


At their core, these cables consist of two concentric cylinders which act as an electrical signal conductor and a shield to protect the inner cable from outside interference. A protective jacket is also present to protect against physical damage. By controlling the impedance elements between the inner conductor and the outer shielding layer, coaxial cables can filter out EMF noise and improve performance significantly. Their reliability when it comes to delivering consistent signals makes coaxial cables the preferred choice for transmitting data over long distances with minimal losses.

Types of Coaxial Cables

Coaxial cables are used for a variety of electrical applications such as instrumentation, broadcast video, military operations and telecommunications. This type of cable is made up of an insulated inner conductor surrounded by one or more layers of braided or foil shielding, which helps reduce electromagnetic interference. Some types of coaxial cables are designed to carry analogue signals while others are intended to carry digital signals; both may be used in the same system but they must be correctly matched at both ends to ensure signal integrity.


Multiconductor cables also exist which allow several signals to be transmitted through a single outer shield, providing increased flexibility in signal routing applications. Coaxial cables provide many advantages over other types of cable due to their low signal loss and high interference immunity, making them useful for a variety of situations where signal transmission is important.

RG-6 vs RG-59: What's the Difference?

RG-6 and RG-59 coaxial cables are commonly used in home audio-visual installations. But choosing the right cable for the job can make all the difference in sound and video quality. RG-6 cables feature a heavier gauge centre conductor than RG-59, which gives it expanded bandwidth to transmit signals at higher frequencies over longer distances with less signal degradation.


They also boast improved insulation around the conductor to better guard against interference from neighbouring cables or electronic devices, resulting in crisper audio and sharper video image quality. However, even with its hefty construction, RG-6 tends to be more flexible and lighter for easier installation compared to RG-59.


No matter what type of application you're working on, it's worth doing your research into both types of coaxial cable so that you can make an informed decision on which is best suited for the job.

Benefits of Using Coaxial Cables

Coaxial cables can be a great asset to any electronics project. From connecting cable TV boxes to providing networking for home computers, these cables provide a secure and reliable connection. Their ability to keep signal transmissions intact even with longer lengths makes them the preferred choice for most major businesses.


Additionally, the signal quality remains consistent no matter what type of interference is present around the cable; shielding from magnetic fields and other interferences are just some of their many benefits. Above all, coaxial cables offer years of reliable performance while allowing you to customize your connectivity needs.

Installing Coaxial Cables

Installing coaxial cables can seem daunting at first, but it is actually a fairly straightforward process. It starts with running the cable through any walls or ceilings that it needs to go through, then plugging one end into an available outlet and the other end into whatever device you are trying to hook up.


Connectors vary according to the type of cable needed, so make sure you double-check what you will need before purchasing materials. Once everything is connected, you should be able to power on your device and check the connection. While this may seem like a difficult task at first, most people find that with careful planning and attention to detail, installing coaxial cables is something almost anyone can do.

Keeping Cables Tidy

Having a messy array of cables in your workspace can be not only a hindrance to productivity but an eyesore too! To keep things organised and efficient, there are some simple steps you can take to tidy your cables. First and foremost, it's important to regularly check on the condition of your cords and wires—regularly tidying up tangled messes will help ensure they last longer.


Another essential is investing in cable ties or another fastening device to wrangle together long lengths of cables; this helps them lay flat, making it easier for you to quickly identify what’s what. Finally, consider incorporating cable organisers into your setup; these serve as great storage solutions for shorter cords that can easily get caught up in furniture or plant life.

Troubleshooting Coaxial Cable Issues

Troubleshooting coaxial cable issues can be a daunting task, but with a few helpful tips and careful knowledge of your network, you can easily get to the bottom of any issue. If you're looking for quick and effective problem-solving for areas like connection loss or weak signal strength, start by checking the basic connections of your coaxial cable setup.


Make sure the antenna is securely installed, the coaxial cables aren't damaged, and all connections are firmly placed. After that, try rebooting your device or router before heading into further troubleshooting measures. Experts often recommend testing signal levels using industry-standard tools like spectrum analysers or digital multi-meters to identify potential issues that weren't detected with previous steps.

Upgrading to Fiber Optic Cables

Fiber optic cables are the latest and greatest technology for digital communications; these cables transmit data via light pulses across thin strands of glass for a high-speed connection. For any home or business, upgrading to fiber optics is a great way to ensure your networks are running as efficiently as possible.


Of course, this upgrade comes at a cost; the installation process can be quite complicated, and you will need a qualified technician to complete the job correctly. In most cases, fiber optic cables are best suited for larger corporate networks with multiple users, so it's wise to consider your needs before investing in this technology.


In conclusion, coaxial cables are an inexpensive and reliable way to connect devices to the internet. With proper installation and maintenance, these cables can provide years of hassle-free service, as well as offering a level of customisation that other types of cabling cannot compete with. For those looking for even faster speeds, fiber optic cables offer an upgrade path for larger networks, though the cost and complexity of installation mean it's not an option for everyone.


Falcon Electrical is one of the UK’s leading electrical wholesalers, supplying electrical products to commercial and domestic customers up and down the country. Shop our full range of coaxial cables here.